Acne Awareness Month: How to Keep Pore Clean

June is Acne Awareness Month, and to better understand and treat acne, I will post a series on acne that covers all the details about acne and how to combat it. As an esthetician, one of my most asked questions is how to clean and keep your pores clear. If you have had acne or clogged pores, you have probably heard the phrases clogged and enlarged pores. I will review what pores are, how they become clogged, and how to keep them clean. 

 What is a skin pore?

Pores are tiny openings in the skin that hold hair follicles and oil from sebaceous glands. Pores exist all over your body, and anywhere there are oil glands except the palms of your hands and soles of your feet. There are two types of pores:

Oil Pores-This is the type of pore connected to the oil glands and the one that is most noticeable when looking at someone’s skin. 

Sweat Pores -are too small to be seen and located all over the body. These pores help the sweat travel to the surface and regulate the body’s temperature.  

What Determines Pore Size?

Genetics is the most significant factor in determining pore size. An oilier skin type tends to have larger pores because they produce more oil, while normal or dry skin tends to have smaller pores. Pore size is more significant as we age due to the loss of elasticity in the skin. Sun damage and smoking can also affect pore size due to the skin’s injury and breakdown of collagen. You can’t change pore size, but using the right products and taking care of your skin can help minimize the appearance of pores on the skin and keep your pores clear. 

How Pores Become Blocked 

A build-up of dirt, oil, pollution, and bacteria develops inside the pore, which makes it expand, giving it a more prominent appearance. Cleansing the skin at night is especially important to keep it clean and rid it of all impurities. 

How to Keep Pores Clean

Avoid using a harsh exfoliator which can aggravate skin

 SPF every day, which will protect your skin from damaging rays

 Lightweight moisturizing lotions that are oil-free and fragrance-free

Apply a mask weekly 

Retinols

AHA and BHA Exfoliants 

Change pillowcases often

Product Recommendations

Salicylic acid is ideal for treating clogged pores, blackheads, and whiteheads. Salicylic is a beta hydroxy acid penetrating the skin to remove excess oil, exfoliate dead skin cells and unclog pores. 

Glycolic Acid is a fast-acting chemical exfoliator that helps to remove dirt and oil from the skin and prevents new blackheads from forming. A good cleanser is the first step to clearing your clogged pores. The number one cleanser in-home care skin routine from Glymed is:

Glymed Gentle Face Wash 

The gentle face wash contains 10% glycolic acid that helps to improve acne and lightly exfoliates the skin. It’s also great for adult acne as it has anti-aging benefits to jump-start skin cells. The gentle face wash works on all skin types, including sensitive skin, and is an excellent start to clearing acne, blackheads, or clogged pores. Use this cleanser with water and massage into the skin leaving it on the skin a minute, then rinse. 

Have questions? I’m here to help! 

Teresa

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