Blog-Best-Ingredients-to-Fade-Dark-Spots-and-Hyperpigmentation

Hyperpigmentation can be frustrating and sometimes stubborn, but we have many options to treat it now. It helps if you know how your skin hyperpigmentation came to be. Temporary dark spots sometimes occur from a bug bite mild acne, usually fading within a week. If acne breakouts are common for you, or your pigmentation is from melasma, sun damage, or skin trauma, you may need a specific product or treatment targeting hyperpigmentation. Any skin type or ethnicity can get hyperpigmentation; however, darker skin tones produce more melanin, which may make them more susceptible to dark spots forming. Hyperpigmentation can develop in small patches or more significant areas on the skin. 

What is hyperpigmentation?

Hyperpigmentation is a broad term that describes skin discolorations. Your skin produces pigment, which gives it color, and dark spots happen when there is an excess production of melanin. 

What causes hyperpigmentation?

Hyperpigmentation or sun spots from sun damage is due to overexposure to UV rays. It is the most common form of hyperpigmentation and can happen with all skin types. 

Hormonal changes like pregnancy can bring skin changes, and melasma can sometimes appear in different facial areas. This type of hyperpigmentation is often called the “mask of pregnancy.”

Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, or PIH, is due to inflammation in the skin from irritations, acne scarring, and ingrown hairs that leave a dark mark. PIH is something to watch out for in your deeper skin tones, which are prone to this form of hyperpigmentation. 

Post-inflammatory erythema, or PIE, is a response to inflammation or irritations in the skin from acne, burns, or other skin trauma, like bug bites. This pigmentation mark tends to be red and is common in lighter skin tones. 

Best Ingredients For Treating Dark Spots or Hyperpigmentation

Niacinamide or Vitamin B3 is anti-inflammatory, perfect for inflammation-related hyperpigmentation. anti-bacterial 

Vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant that brightens skin, evens out your skin tone, and, along with sunscreen, helps to protect skin from UV damage. 

Azelaic Acid reduces melanin production and contains anti-inflammatory properties that help reduce redness in acne and rosacea skin. 

Kojic acid is a tyrosinase inhibitor and will block melanin production and brighten the skin. 

Retinol evens skin tone, exfoliates dead skin cells that reveal new, brighter skin, improves skin texture, and stimulates cell renewal. Vitamin A or retinol also helps prevent and clear acne, which benefits someone who experiences acne scarring.

AHAs stimulate cell renewal and exfoliate the skin, brightening skin, evening skin tone, and improving skin texture. 

Sunscreen is the most essential product to help reduce hyperpigmentation from forming in the first place. Aim for using an SPF daily of 30 or higher. Using sunscreen allows you added anti-aging protection, plus preventing hyperpigmentation.

Hydroquinone is a prescription-only treatment in some countries and over-the-counter in others. Hydroquinone reduces melanin production but can irritate skin, especially people with sensitive skin. It’s always best to check with your dermatologist about your unique skin hyperpigmentation before starting a hydroquinone prescription to see if it’s the best course of action. 

Product Recommendations

Idyllic Cleanser with 3% Mandelic Acid gently exfoliates and brightens skin—a good option for all skin types, including acne, rosacea, or sensitive. 

Pigment Brightening Serum is a formula that fades sunspots, pigmentation, and age spots. 

Resurfacing Night Cream with 15% Glycolic Acid stimulates collagen and elastin production and reduces fine lines and wrinkles. This moisturizer contains nourishing botanicals that hydrate skin. 

Anti-aging Exfoliant Masque improves skin tone, texture, and firmness. It contains 7% glycolic, lactic, and salicylic acid. The physical and chemical exfoliants blend restores the skin’s healthy, glowing complexion. 

Oil-Free Protective Moisturizer with SPF 50 is lightweight and non-greasy. This sunscreen has broad-spectrum protection against UVA and UVB rays. When hyperpigmentation happens, sunscreen will be your biggest hero in preventing it. 

Get started with a customized treatment plan by booking your consultation today. 

Have questions? I’m here to help! 

Teresa

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