What are Alpha-Hydroxy-Acids-in-Skincare?

 

There are two main groups of skincare acids: alpha-hydroxy and beta-hydroxy acids, also known as BHAs and AHAs. AHAs work on the skin’s surface and are water-soluble. They contain natural and synthetic ingredients. Alpha hydroxy acids are chemical exfoliants used to improve your skin. 

Where do alpha-hydroxy acids come from?

 Alpha hydroxy acids have been around for a long time and used in ancient cultures, and they are still used today because of their effectiveness. Glycolic Acid is from sugarcane; lactic acid comes from milk, which makes it perfect for sensitive skin; citric acid is from citric fruits; mandelic acid comes from almonds; and malic acid comes from pears, cherries, and apples. 

What are the benefits of using alpha-hydroxy acid on your skin?

Alpha-Hydroxy is known for gently exfoliating skin in a way that does it effectively but without stripping the skin. Exfoliating the skin helps brighten your complexion, even out skin tone, and stimulate collagen production, allowing products to sink into the skin better and work more effectively. 

Other benefits are:

Removing rough, dry skin

Increase firmness and elasticity

Smooth fine lines and wrinkles

It helps fade dark spots 

Improves sun damage and melasma

Reduces acne by removing dead skin cells

You can find alpha-hydroxy acids in many skincare products, including serums, masques, moisturizers, cleansers, and peels. 

What are the specific benefits of each of the Alpha-Hydroxy Acids?

Glycolic acids are significant in anti-aging products because they help boost firmness and elasticity. The Glycolic has a deeper penetration, which gives you a good result. Glycolic has the most research on how it works with skin and the results you will get from using it. 

Lactic acid is excellent for sensitive skin because it is gentler but gives you a decent exfoliation. Lactic acid is perfect for someone who wants immediate plumping to the skin because it also contains humectants that hydrate the skin.

Next are fruit acids with larger molecules, like malic acid, which have exfoliation properties and good antioxidant benefits for your skin. 

Citric acids offer a chemical exfoliation, antioxidants, and even skin tone. 

Mandelic acid has the most significant molecule size, so it takes longer to get into the skin, which is a good option for skin prone to acne scarring or inflammation in the skin. Another benefit for those who suffer from acne is that mandelic acid is anti-fungal and anti-bacterial. A mandelic acid is an excellent option for deeper skin tones. 

What skin types can benefit from Alpha-Hydroxy Acids?

Alpha hydroxy acids are known to be gentle enough to use on most skin 

types. 

How long will it take to see results in my skin?

You will start to see results immediately when you begin using alpha-hydroxy acids in the form of brighter, glowy skin. It will take 2-4 months to start seeing a decrease in lines and wrinkles. 

How to incorporate Alpha-Hydroxy Acids in your skincare routine

It’s best to introduce using alpha-hydroxy acids slowly into your skincare routine. At night is the best time to start using your products because alpha-hydroxy acids will make you more sensitive to the sun. Use an SPF every day while using alpha-hydroxy acids in your skincare. 

Have questions? I’m here to help! 

Teresa

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